CNN 10 | CNN Student News | June 1, 2018 – English subtitle

Hi, I’m Carl Azuz. And I have a special announcement
to make today on CNN 10: Fridays are awesome!
Welcome to our last show of the 2017-2018
season. We’re not going away, we’re just going
off the air for a couple of months and returning
on Monday, August 13th. Today’s global coverage
begins in Central Africa. International health
officials say they have reason to be cautiously
optimistic about limiting the spread of an
Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
It was first reported in early May.
Since then, there’d been 54 cases identified
in the DRC. That includes 25 people who’ve
died from Ebola. On average, the virus kills
about half of those who get it. Most of the
cases in this outbreak were in a rural area.
But what alarmed medical officials a couple
of weeks ago is that the disease had spread
to a city named Mbandaka, where more than
a million people live and there were concerns
that it could spread quickly there. So, doctors
started vaccinating people. The World Health
Organization says more than 400 had been vaccinated
to far. The drug is experimental. It’s not
approved everywhere. But the officials using
it say it’s both safe in humans and highly
effective against the Ebola virus. Ebola,
a highly infectious virus that’s killed thousands
and could go on to kill many more. The stakes
are. There have been at least 27 Ebola outbreaks
reported since the virus was discovered in
1976, according to the CDC. This includes
the 2014 West Africa outbreak where more than
11,000 people died. So, how can the world
respond when so many lives are at stake? You
need a huge operation to stop Ebola. Here
are some of the weapons used to fight one
of the world’s deadliest viruses. Spot symptoms.
It usually takes eight to 10 days for symptoms
such as a fever, vomiting, diarrhea to show
up. Checking temperatures in affected regions
as well as at borders can help catch the virus
before it spreads any future. Isolate patients.
Ebola spreads through bodily fluids such as
blood or saliva. And even the tiniest amount
can transmit the virus. If someone has Ebola,
they need to be quarantined with minimal visitors.
Trace contacts. The virus can easily spread
to family, friends, or anyone who`s come in
contact with the patients when they show up
symptoms. Contacts must be found, monitored
and if they show signs of Ebola, isolate them.
Suit up. Anyone in contact with the patient
must be protected from head to toe, even the
smallest slip-up could lead to contamination
and ultimately even death. The origin of Ebola
is unknown, but scientists believe that bats
are the most likely source. Administer vaccines.
Experimental vaccine can now be deployed to
the epicenter of an outbreak, given to people
in contact with the infected and their contacts.
It’s a strategy known as ring vaccination.
Distributing vaccines at remote areas could
be a challenge, especially because they have
to be stored in below freezing conditions.
Altogether, these strategies can strangle
the spread of Ebola, potentially saving thousands
of lives in the process. At midnight Thursday
night, new tariffs which were like taxes were
set to take effect in the U.S. on imports
from Canada, Europe and Mexico. Steel now
costs an additional 25 percent to bring in
to America. Aluminum costs an extra 10 percent.
These tariffs were announced in March, but
Canada, Mexico and the European Union were
originally exempted from this, meaning the
taxes didn’t apply to them. Those exemptions
expired last night. Why are the tariffs in
place? President Donald Trump wants to help
the U.S. steel and aluminum industries by
limiting what America brings in from other
countries. This could help improve sales for
the American metal producers. But it could
also make it harder fro the U.S. to sell other
products in Canada, Mexico and Europe, because
those nations announced they’d put tariffs
on their own on U.S. goods. Investors are
also concerned that a trade war could flare
up. Trade negotiations between the U.S. and
the affected countries are ongoing. Ten-second
trivia: What word is derived from a Greek
term that means “the hardest metal”? Diamond,
chromium, gem or alloy? The Greek word Adamas
means the hardest metal or diamond. And though
our next report has an interview with two
creators of laboratory grown diamonds, they’re
not as valuable as natural diamonds. They’re
also not as unique. Diamonds that are mined
from the earth are said to be one of a kind,
thanks to the work of nature. But it sometimes
hard to know where the real ones come from
if they’re mined with child labor or if they’ve
been sold to pay for weapons. And lab diamonds
are a growing part of a valuable market. We
have here two stones. Can you tell which one
is the lab diamond and which one is the natural?
They truly look identical to me. Is this the
lab-grown diamond here? No, that’s the natural
one. No? Really? Wow. OK. You truly can’t
tell the difference? Because they`re both
diamonds. So, this is where the magic happens?
This is where you guys grow the diamonds?
This is the diamond mine. How does one grow
a diamond? We’re using a bowl of plasma energy
in breaking apart hydrocarbon and reaming
the carbon down on seeds of diamond, atom
by atom How long does it take to produce one
of these? About a month. About a month? How
did you guys get inspired to start this business?
When Jason and I talked about getting engaged,
I said I did not want a natural diamond as
part of our engagement. Why is that? I care
about the origin of my products. I`m a conscientious
gal. I care about where my eggs come from,
where my products come from. And so, we really
set out to create a ring that used other materials.
But what learned through the process was that
we wanted to have the longevity behind a material
as strong, as durable as diamond. Lab-grown
diamonds can retail for 30-40 percent less
than mined diamonds. Natural diamonds tend
to change hands 12 to 13 times before they’ll
end up on someone’s finger, whereas the laboratory-grown
diamond industry is much more streamlined.
Growers work with companies like us and we
work with clients. Can you explain to us why
mined diamonds are bad for the environment?
It takes hundreds of tons of rock being blasted
out of the earth with diesel and dynamite
to extract one carat of diamond. And so, it’s
incredibly energy-intensive process and diamond
mining is getting less sustainable every single
year. But is the origin story of diamonds
part of their appeal? A natural diamond is
a miracle of nature, but this is a miracle
of human progress. And I find that far more
compelling that something that just happened
to come out of here. By 2020, lab-grown diamonds
could be responsible for 15 percent of the
gem-quality melee diamond market. Why are
some of the jewelers out there so resistant
to these lab- grown diamonds? I think there’s
a lot of misinformation about this product.
I think some people believe that laboratory-grown
diamond means fake diamond, that it’s cubic
zirconia, or Moissanite, that it’s some sort
of diamond simulant. But laboratory-grown
diamonds are diamonds. Like, they’re real
diamonds. They are. There’s nothing different.
There’s nothing different except the origin.
It’s not always possible to see the sunset
amid the spiring skyscrapers of New York City.
But a few times a year, this happens, the
sun is aligned with the city’s grid, casting
a glow straight through the borough of Manhattan
and resulting in Manhattanhenge, as long as
it’s not raining. It was named Manhattanhenge
as a tribute to the British landmark of Stonehenge,
where the sun also lines up with the structure
during the summer solstice. Of course, it
might make some folks supertistice, but usually,
the sun is well off the grid, so even if it
sheds new light on old horizons just four
times a year, its better than if it doesn’t
Manhattan at all. What a way to sunset a season
on CNN 10. It’s been a privilege shedding
light on new subjects for you. We wish you
all a brilliant summer and thank you for being
the brightest stars in CNN’s audience. I’m
Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

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