BBC News November 11, 2017


this is bbc news.
i’m duncan golestani.
our top stories: a framework for new trans-pacific
trade deal is agreed months after the united
states pulled out.
power games in lebanon.
politicians warn iran and saudi arabia against
waging proxy war for control of the country.
american tv comedian louis ck admits claims
of sexual misconduct against him are true.
and supermodel naomi campbell tells the bbc
that current allegations about sexual abuse
in the fashion industry are “just the beginning”.
welcome to the programme.
the trans-pacific partnership – a major international
trade deal abandoned by the united states
earlier this year – appears to be back on
track.
11 countries from asia and the americas agreed
to press ahead with final talks in a meeting
on the sidelines of an annual asian economic
summit.
president trump ditched the tpp earlier this
year in favour of an “america first” policy.
andrew plant reports.
big progress.
that was canada’s verdict is the prime minister
arrived this gathering in the numb, describing
a deal being worked on here, the tra ns-pacific
describing a deal being worked on here, the
trans-pacific partnership, a long hoped-for
trade agreement.
justin trudeau.
a long hoped-for trade agreement.
justin trudeau.
translation: now the justin trudeau.
translation: now the japanese and vietnamese
finance ministers have met, and announcing
six countries have now ratified the deal.
talks, they say, with more possible partners
are still ongoing.
any such deal had seemed in doubt after us
president donald trump very publicly abandoned
the idea earlier this year, saying it was
bad for america.
japan’s premier as well, shinzo abe, has worked
hard on getting the deal approved even without
america on board.
forjapan, the dpp is very important.
on one side, it shows leadership and currently,
now the us is at least for the time being
out of this negotiation, japan would like
to push tpp forward.
mr trump arrived in vietnam’s after a visit
to china where he praised his hosts but in
vietnam’s, that affability evaporated. in
a speech to asian leaders, the home was at
times sharpe, a robust rejection of the way
america and a user — asia had done business
in the past.
we were
told that someday soon, everybody would behave
fairly and responsibly.
people in america and throughout the indo
pacific region have waited for that day to
come but it never has.
speaking immediately afterwards, the chinese
president praised asia’s economic potential
and championed openness.
it was a gathering that many are seeing openness.
it was a gathering that many are seeing as
openness.
it was a gathering that many are seeing as
the moment america stepped away from its former
role in the region, a sign that influence
here is perhaps less important to the us president
than a good dealfor the important to the us
president than a good deal for the american
important to the us president than a good
dealfor the american people.
andrew plant, bbc news.
next guests, a consultant to a pack, is in
boston.
how surprised are you to hear that progress
has been made?
it’s been a fascinating few days.
it started of course with the president’s
visit to japan, to south korea, to china and
those went pretty well.
no particular diplomatic gaffes.
the temperature in north korea cooled a little
bit.
generally, the united states that came with
a six story… — this extraordinary… couple
of days… with the apec meetings.
you will recall it started in 1989… (audio
issues).
altogether, the 21 economies that are the
members.
this was to be a big project, a big
positive project.
by 2020, they centred deadline.
against that the president delivered what
was a pretty dark view of america’s relationships
with asia. given that president trump has
a policy of the bilateral agreements with
countries, how do you think the us to legation
will view the fact that these countries are
pushing on regardless, even though america
has pulled out? this is really a remarkable
development and even a month ago, one would
not have expected that these would have happened.
these countries were waiting for the united
states to come back to the agreement and they
finally decided they couldn’t wait any longer.
they wa nted they couldn’t wait any longer.
they wanted to demonstrate the baking — the
basic principles that led to
this agreement, cooperation and free trade
principles.
that these would hold… (audio issues).
i have done… more than that, there will
be other members which will also enter disagreement
and the benefits will be very large.
this is a surprising development and its a
big rebuke to the united states was leadership
is passing from the united states in its asia-pacific
economy on the one hand to these 11 countries
which are going forward with the tpp and on
the other hand, to china which has also made
very positive noises about corporation.
you would think some of the smaller company
— countries lining up had lost pa rt company
— countries lining up had lost part of the
america is not involved, they don’t get to
tap into
that big market.
absolutely.
vietnam’s the most extreme example.
vietnam’s the most extreme example.
vietnam’s had counted on american markets,
particularly clothing and garments, regarding
concessions it made on workers’ rights, on
intellectual property.
and on a host of state-owned enterprises which
are very important.
for countries like that, the hope of them
is first of all, the benefits would be smaller
and perhaps europe will be involved.
i think it is stepping into the breach.
just so you know, we are looking at live pictures
coming in from vietnam’s of the family photo,
if you like.
the leaders gathering
for the picture at this apec summit.
details are still coming through on the agreement
that has been reached.
we are being told that there are still areas
to be agreed.
do you think that is a health warning? that
we are still quite far from the finish line.
that they haven’t agreed on all the principles.
finish line.
that they haven’t agreed on all the principleslj
don’t agreed on all the principles.†don’t
see that as that is serious challenge.
these agreements are very complicated.
it’s understandable that in a matter of a
couple of days, they cannot go through all
of the issues.
some provisions of the agreement which have
been agreed through the united states at the
table have been suspended.
meaning they will not apply to the remaining
11 countries until and if the united states
co m es 11 countries until and if the united
states comes back in.
they have
altogether some victory — some 50 different
provisions.
most of them we re different provisions.
most of them were valuable to the united states.
international property protection.
now with the united states out, this is one
pieces of the agreement that has gone away.
this indicates these trade agreements, once
they are in the hands of economies, won’t
look exactly like they did while the united
states was present.
that is not good, eitherfor united states
was present.
that is not good, either for the united states
was present.
that is not good, eitherfor the united states
or europe.
those that don’t have a large stake in intellectual
property in their trading relationships.
peter, very good to you.
— very good to talk to you.
the crisis in lebanon has intensified with
the leader of the militant shia group, hezbollah,
now accusing saudi arabia of declaring war
on his country.
it comes just days after
the lebanese prime minister saad hariri announced
his resignation while in the saudi capital.
the un and others in the international community
have warned other countries against using
lebanon as a pawn in a wider regional confrontation
between the major sunni power saudi arabia,
and shia-dominated iran. from the lebanese
capital, beirut, martin patience sent this
report.
for a region in turmoil, beirut served as
a sanctuary from the violence.
but now it finds itself at the centre of the
growing struggle between saudi arabia and
iran. speaks arabic. in a move that has stunned
lebanon, the prime minister resigned suddenly
last weekend.
not at home, but in saudi arabia. he lashed
out at iran, accusing it of destabilising
the entire region.
today, iran’s proxy in lebanon shot back.
the leader of hezbollah claimed riyadh was
holding the prime minister hostage.
in a bid to diffuse the crisis, the french
president emmanuel macron stopped briefly
in the kingdom. he met the saudi crown prince
mohammed bin salman, who is pursuing a tough
line against iran. many in lebanon on share
his view that tehran is too influential.
some people are seeking dividends in lebanon
for the role that they played in syria.
those people are iran and hezbollah?
yes.
they’ve openly expressed that.
that we fought isis in syria, we drew isis
away from lebanese borders and therefore we
need to be recognised. during the civil war
here in the 1980s, the city was divided by
warring parties.
and this building was on the front line.
but today, lebanon is divided by the regional
struggle.
and the country’s seen as a pawn by the bigger
players.
everyone’s reassuring us that everything will
be ok but that doesn’t mean that it is.
but we’ve been through worse, so we are trying,
just hanging on there.
it’s a play of power and we’re in the middle
but it’s always like this for lebanon. for
30, 40 years.
but the fear is the dynamic is far more dangerous
than in the past.
in the last few decades we’ve never been so
close to the precipice. in many ways the threat
of regional war has never been this real,
if you like.
beirut famously partied through its civil
war. and tonight, it’s no different, but this
is a region on edge, and the international
community is calling for calm.
the answer to a riddle might be found.
why did the mayans build mexico’s ancient
pyramids?
berliners from both east and west linked hands
and danced around their liberated territory.
and, with nobody to stop them, it was not
long before the first attempts were made to
destroy the structure itself.
it is keeping the candidate’s name always
in the public eye that counts.
success or failure depends not only on public
display but on the local campaign headquarters
and the heavy routine work of their women
volunteers.
yasser arafat, who dominated the palestinian
cause for so long, has died.
the palestinean authority has declared a state
of mourning for the leader who symbolised
the hopes for independent statehood.
in the wake of the colombian volcano disaster,
rescue teams are trying to reach thousands
of survivors who managed to clamber onto rooftops
and trees above the sea of mud. after 17 years
of discussions, the result was greeted with
an outburst ofjoy.
women ministers, who had long felt only begrudgingly
accepted amongst the ranks of clergy, suddenly
felt welcomed.
this is bbc news.
the latest headlines: the 11 remaining members
of the trans-pacific partnership have agreed
a new framework to revive the proposed trade
deal, following the us withdrawal earlier
this year.
amid growing tension between saudi arabia
and the iranian-backed hezbollah movement,
the united states has warned other countries
against using lebanon for proxy conflicts.
one of the latest hollywood figures
to be accused of sexually harassing women
has admitted that the allegations against
him are true.
five women have made allegations against the
american comedian louis ck, he has expressed
remorse to his actions.
another hollywood figure accused of sexual
misconduct, but louis ck admits he did it.
the new york times first reported the claims
of five women who said that he subjected them
to various acts of indecency, including stripping
naked and performing a sex act in front of
them.
two of his accusers say it happened in his
hotel room at a comedy festival in 2002. in
a statement, the comedian said the stories
were true and that he is now aware of the
impact of his actions.
he said: the statement does not include an
apology to the women.
hi, everybody.
nice to see all of you.
umm, what’s up? louis ck is best known as
a stand-up comedian.
he is also a successful writer, producer,
and actor.
hollywood’s response to the allegations against
him has been swift.
his latest film due to be released next week
has been scrapped, he’s been dropped by several
tv networks, and netflix has cancelled plans
for a stand-up special.
the streaming network cited his unprofessional
and inappropriate behaviour with female colleagues.
let’s go back to our top story, and thatis
let’s go back to our top story, and that is
that the trans-pacific partnership, that major
international trade deal looks like it isa
international trade deal looks like it is
a step closer tonight as
certain countries, 11 countries have agreed
to sign up to it, and have agreed to sign
up to it, and have agreed on principles going
forward.
that is happening in vietnam right now, we
can speak out to our asia business correspondence
who is in vietnam.
what do you make of it all?
i think this is the biggest progress that
we have seen in these trade talks since the
us and resident donald trump pulled out of
this free trade deal earlier in the year,
remember he said that it was a horrible deal,
that it was bad for america’s economy and
said that he was getting out of it because
he wa nted was getting out of it because he
wanted to negotiate better i lateral trade
deals between the united states and other
countries.
there we re states and other countries.
there were big questions at a time about whether
this trade deal could actually go ahead without
the size and the scale of the us economy behind
it.
it was one of the main reasons in fact why
smaller countries wanted to join the
trans-pacific countries wanted to join the
tra ns-pacific partnership countries wanted
to join the trans-pacific partnership agreement,
but today what we understand is that the 11
remaining members of this trade deal have
come to an agreement over co re trade deal
have come to an agreement over core elements
of this deal.
they are a step closer towards finalising
this deal in its totality, there are a few
provisions they need to negotiate, we understand
it is about reaching consensus, and this deal
has a new name now, it is no longer called
the tpp, it has a new name called the competitive
and progressive agreement for the trans-pacific
partnership deal.
i had onlyjust got used to tpp, so it will
take a few days to get to the new one.
america withdrawing was the big blow, but
actually it has looked quite rocky in the
last 2a hours, hasn’t it? you’re absolutely
right, at one point yesterday when negotiations
were continuing with
the remaining trade ministers in this organisation,
the 11 remaining trade ministers, there was
a last-minute meeting we understand way canada,
one of the critical partners of this deal
failed to show up partners of this deal failed
to show up there were conflicting reports
about what actually happened in that situation,
initially some of the trade ministers were
left behind at waiting to talk over the details,
said canada failed to show up, what we understand
from the canadians is that actually they were
not aware of the meeting, it was a scheduled
meeting for them, but that aside they appear
to have put aside their differences for now
and come to some sort of agreement.
what happens next, what is the timeline?
those details are yet to be clear and i think
that underlines the fact that this was such
a precarious deal to pull together in the
first instance, what these trade ministers
were trying to do this week is come to some
sort of understanding, an agreement that they
would continue
without the, in this deal come in the first
instance.
orders next is in terms of actually fleshing
out what those provisions are, the details
of the deal for the various trade ministries
to go through, and eventually the signing
and ratification of this agreement in the
countries respective governments and parliaments.
still a long road ahead but certainly the
biggest progress we have seen so far.
you have shed some light on a very complex
deal, thank you very much.
naomi campbell, one of the biggest names in
modelling over the last three decades, has
been a vocal critic of the inequalities in
the fashion business.
will gompertz has been speaking to her in
new york about her views on diversity and
sexual harassment in the industry, and her
own sometimes controversial behaviour.
i think it’s a positive message to put out,
an all-black cast for the pirelli calendar.
doing alice in wonderland. are you feeling
that there is a change?
that’s what i feel.
interesting, isn’t it? that’s what i’m starting
to see, which is great.
but let’s hope that it’s not a trend, and
it remains that way, and they continue to
choose with a diverse mind.
have you been turned down because of your
colour?
many times in my past.
but it’s not something that i let deter me
and stop me.
i used it to drive me.
lupita nyong’o did an instagram post today,
criticising a front cover where they have
airbrushed out the frizziness of her hair.
she won’t be happy about that.
she’s not happy about that.
why would they do that? she doesn’t understand.
see, it’s… i mean, i understand why she’s
upset, 100%.
and what about the darker side of naomi, the
angry…? there isn’t an angry any more.
i don’t really let people push that button.
other issues in the fashion industry.
the abuse of vulnerable young people, specifically
women, but young men, as well.
i’m saddened, and i’ve made it clear
whatever i can do to use my voice, in supporting
models of my industry, and what i do, i will.
it’s never happened to me.
but i don’t want it to ever happen to anyone.
it shouldn’t happen to anyone, period.
how big of a problem is it? well, it seems
to be a big problem.
and i think, before it gets better, it’s going
to get worse.
i think we’re going to have to hear about
it lots, it’s going to have to come out before…
i mean, they’re trying to find a solution,
i know. and…i think it’sjust the beginning,
really.
the lid’s been opened. and so… let’s look
at more stories making the news now.
protestors in australia have clashed with
police outside a political fundraising event
attended by the country’s former prime minister,
tony abbott.
demonstrators called on the immigration minister
to end offshore detention and bring refugees
to australia.
it comes after a refugee camp on manus island
was closed last wee, week, prompting around
600 men to barricade themselves inside.
a lawyer representing the former us national
security adviser, michael flynn, has rejected
allegations he was involved in a plot to seize
a dissident muslim cleric and return him to
turkey.
a statement said the allegations, first reported
by the wall street journal, were outrageous
and false.
reports allege general flynn and his son were
offered $15 million to deliver the cleric
fetullah gulen to turkey, where he is accused
of being behind last year’s failed coup.
three chinese students in france have been
injured by a car which ploughed into them
near the city of toulouse.
the driver of the vehicle was immediately
arrested.
french media reported that he is believed
to have a history of mental illness, and the
incident isn’t believed to be terror-related.
the mayans were an ancient people
who built huge elaborate cities and now a
team of scientists may have discovered crucial
information about the ruins of chichenitza.
the bbc‘s tim allman takes up the story.
in the jungles of mexico, a marvel and a mystery.
this pyramid was built by the mayans sometime
between the 9th and 12th centuries.
now archaeologists are going underground to
try to answer a crucial question.
why was it built here?
it seems the answer is pretty simple.
translation: the aquifer, the water that sustained
the city, that sustains the life of the peninsula.
we can see the consequences, even negative
ones, that may come from the fact that these
buildings are built above bodies of water.
the yucatan peninsula is dotted with underground
rivers and natural wells.
the mayans seem to have built their city right
on top.
scientists developing 3d images showing the
cavities underneath the pyramid.
there are also tunnels and passageways all
around the area.
another mystery that is still to be resolved,
as this extraordinary relic of the past gives
up some of its secrets.
a reminder of our top story: members of the
trans-pacific partnership have agreed a new
framework to revive the proposed trade deal,
following the us withdrawal earlier this year.
the remaining 11 nations released a joint
statement saying they were committed to free
and open trade as well as fighting protectionism.
stay with us on bbc news.
hello.
we are having to look into the atlantic for
some elements of this weekend’s weather for
some parts of the british isles.
what was tropical storm rina won’t be giving
us gale force winds, but it will import some
really warm and moist tropical airs, which
will manifest themselves on the start of saturday
as a lot of cloud and rain for the southern
half of the british isles.
a much fresher aspect to the weather as we
head into scotland.
wintry showers across high ground.
at least there’s sunshine to speak of and
that persists into the afternoon.
some of the showers turning wintry, down to
about 300 metres or so.
snow will lie on high ground of scotland,
but at least there will be sunshine to speak
of.
northern ireland – a cloudy afternoon.
a bit of brightness perhaps and brightening
skies coming from the north of england, especially
down the eastern side, but generally speaking
as you come back through the midlands towards
the south of wales and into the southern counties
of england it may be one of those afternoons
where the rain sticks around for the greater
part of the day, so that’s going to be a nuisance
in cardiff, but at least there’s going to
be brighter skies for the visit of samoa to
murrayfield.
the thicker cloud thickens even further in
southern counties of england and wales for
a time through the night.
just pepping up the rainfall.
further north the skies remain clearfor some.
a dotting of showers still perhaps and again
wintry across high ground.
once that set of fronts in the south pulls
into the near continent, notice that the air
flows down those isobars from the north to
the south.
never a warm direction.
all of us will experience that marked change
in the feel of the day on sunday, remembrance
sunday of course.
yes, a scattering of showers around the exposed
shores, fully exposed to the northerly wind.
but down the spine of the country there could
be a good deal of sunshine, but it will do
nothing for the temperatures.
seven, eight, nine degrees for many.
next week starts cold and frosty, then it
gets a little bit milder in the middle of
the week and there will be some rain around.
so there’s a frosty start for the greater
part of england and wales, the eastern part
of scotland too, but here the first signs
of that change into something milder as we
bring the fronts into parts of scotland and
eventually into northern ireland.
from monday into tuesday, no more the northerly,
the isobars are cranked into a westerly, and
that’s why the weather will become milder.
this is bbc news.
the headlines: a framework for a trans-pacific
trade deal has been agreed – months after
the united states pulled out.
canada dropped its objections following talks
on the sidelines of the annual asia-pacific
economic forum being held in vietnam.
there is growing concern that a power struggle
between saudi arabia and iran is fuelling
the political crisis in lebanon.

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