Advanced Conversation with Jennifer on College Tuition in the U.S.🎓

Advanced Conversation with Jennifer on College Tuition in the U.S.🎓

Hi there. I’m Jennifer from English with
Jennifer, and in this video I’d like to offer vocabulary and information that
will help you talk about a hot topic in the U.S. right now: college tuition and
free public college. Should College be free? If you’re looking for more current
issues like immigration, homelessness, and health care, be sure to check out my
conversation playlist and look for those advanced conversation topics.
My goal in all these videos is to give English language learners the confidence
to follow and participate in conversations about these important
issues. My goal is not to promote any political agenda. And if you’re
interested in understanding the U.S. system of education in detail, be sure to
check out an older lesson of mine. I take you through the system from preschool to
graduate school. I’ll put all useful links in the video description. Okay? And
hey! Don’t forget to subscribe. I’ll help you make progress in English with a new
video each week here on YouTube. I’m also posting on Instagram, so be sure to
follow me there as well. Okay. Let’s start our lesson. Ten thousand dollars. What can you buy for that amount of money in the U.S.? Well, $10K might pay the average hospital bill in the U.S. Shocking, right? How about twenty-two thousand? Thirty thousand dollars? Or fifty-five thousand dollars? Thirty six to fifty-five thousand dollars would buy you a parking space in Boston. Perhaps not the best one, but a
decent one. And all those amounts I just listed would pay college tuition here in
the U.S. at different types of colleges. First, let’s get one thing straight. What
do I mean by “college”? In the U.S., high school is what we call the final years
of schooling. We have 12 grades. 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th grades are
high school. If you are a high school student, you’re between the ages of 14
and 18. When you finish high school, you get a high school diploma. Then you can
either work or go to college. “College” is a general word for the study one does
after high school in order to get an undergraduate degree. You can get an
undergraduate degree at a college or a university. Community colleges have
two-year programs. You study there to get an associate’s degree. That’s a type of
undergraduate degree. You could also transfer from a community college to a
four-year college in order to get a bachelor’s degree. A bachelor’s degree is
another type of undergraduate degree, but it takes two more years to earn. You can get a bachelor’s degree at a college or a
university. Here are common things we ask and say in American English. Are you
going to college? Do you plan to go to college? Where did you go to college? Does
he have a college degree? He’s a college student. She’s a college professor. Their
kids went off to college. My brother is still in college. My sister is finishing college this year. “College” in all those statements is a
general word that could refer to either a college or university. So what’s the difference between a
college and a university? You can get the same basic education and the same degree at a college or university in the U.S. Colleges are generally smaller and don’t
always have a graduate program. Universities are often larger, and, in
fact, universities can be made up of colleges. A large university can have
50,000 students or more. My small college had a little over a thousand students. Universities might have more research
opportunities, and they usually have bigger sports programs. Universities by
definition are not more prestigious than colleges. In fact, some elite colleges are
very competitive and outrank many universities. A liberal arts college
gives students a chance to study in different areas, especially before a
student chooses a major. A major is one’s specialty. For example, I went to a small
liberal arts college, and I chose to study foreign languages and education.
Besides things like Russian classes and educational psychology, I took music and
art classes. I even had one semester of computer programming. And I took an
African dance class to satisfy a requirement for physical education. So
from here on out, when I say “college,” I’m referring to universities and colleges
in the U.S. One problem in our country today is the rising cost of a college
education. College tuition is rising each year, but our yearly income isn’t growing
as fast. U.S. News and World Report listed $10,116 as the average tuition at a public college if you live in that state. Public
colleges are schools run by the state. State colleges and universities offer
lower tuition for residents. In-state tuition is lower than out-of-state
tuition. An out-of-state student may pay around $22,000. So if you go to a state
school, it’s cheaper to stay in your own state. It could even be free. Some public colleges offer free tuition
for low-income and middle-income families, so if a student’s family has an
income over a certain amount, say, $125,000, they are not entitled to free
tuition. If tuition is free, should it be free for all or free only
for some? What’s fair? What’s right? Let’s say there’s one family that earns
$100,000. They have one child and they want to send that child to college. Now
there’s a second family and they earn $130,000. That’s just over the cutoff, but
they have two children around the same age They want to send their two children
to college. Does that second family deserve any financial aid? Here’s another
way to look at it. State schools, as I understand, receive state funding.
Government money comes from tax dollars. If some families are already paying
higher taxes, should they also pay full tuition at a public college? Some say yes.
If you have more, you need to contribute more. Some say no. If everyone shares at
least some of the financial responsibility and contributes, then no
one will take their education for granted. Here’s one more question. Should
students with a strong academic record in high school be rewarded with lower
tuition at a public college regardless of their family’s household income? Some
state schools have free tuition and then require students to remain in the state
after graduation for a certain number of years. It makes some sense, right? If the
state invests in you, you should give back to the community by starting your
career in that state. Do you agree? In recent news, there’s been some
discussion about making a stronger connection between tuition assistance
and the job market. If we have too many people pursuing a medical degree, for
example, and not enough people entering other professions, should we perhaps give
greater tuition assistance to those who are willing to fill those open jobs? What
do you think? If there’s a shortage of childcare workers or plumbers, would free
training help attract young people and also keep more students out of debt? Tuition at a prestigious private college
can be around $55,000. Once you add in room and board, meaning a place to live
and food to eat, the tuition (cost) for one year of full-time education can be around $75,000. Yes. Seventy-five thousand dollars. It’s a lot. What schools charge that much? Top-name schools. Let’s start with the Ivy Leagues. Those are the oldest and
generally most prestigious schools in our country. They include Harvard, Yale,
and Princeton Universities. There are a total of eight Ivy League schools. I went
to one of the Seven Sisters. Those are historically women’s colleges, but today
they offer a co-ed experience in some form, meaning men and women study
together. My school, Bryn Mawr College, has a close relationship with Haverford
College. I took a lot of classes there. I lived in dorms with men and took classes
with men. Bryn Mawr’s tuition is currently fifty-three thousand dollars a
year. How do families afford such prices? Some families are wealthy enough to pay
the tuition. A lot aren’t. Most students apply to college and hope for a good
financial aid package. First, students hope for scholarship money. Few are lucky
enough to get a full scholarship. Others can get a partial scholarship for sports
or academics. Second, you can get a campus job. When I was an undergraduate student,
I worked on campus in the cafeteria. I also did babysitting around town. College
students often get summer jobs, part-time jobs, and sometimes paid internships. Third, some parents start a college fund
while their children are still young. You may hear some Americans talk about a 529 plan. The basic idea is to save money for your child’s college education. A 529
plan allows parents to create a college savings plan. Parents can invest what
they’re able to invest, and the main benefit is tax-free earnings. You let
your money grow and then take it out when you need to start paying college
tuition. Finally, families take out loans. Student loans are very common and sadly
many students graduate with debt. They owe money to the bank, and they have to
work to gradually pay it back. My parents sacrificed a lot to put four kids
through college. They paid for my undergraduate education. Then I paid for
graduate school. I was married and still paying off my student loan. It’s not easy
to live with debt, but many Americans do. One way to avoid debt is not to spend
money or take out a loan. Some high school students take a gap year. They put
off college for one year and they spend the time working, traveling, or maybe
doing volunteer work of some kind. If a young adult isn’t sure what he or
she wants to do yet, or if they didn’t get into the college of their choice
and want to reapply, or if they didn’t earn a scholarship or enough financial aid and they need to work to earn some money, a gap year is an option. Some wait even longer to go to college.
Some enter the workforce immediately after high school and then decide to
pursue a college degree years later. Then there are those who go to college after
high school, but then they have to drop out for some reason. Maybe financial
reasons. By the time these working adults decide to go to college or go back to
college, they may have families and very little time. These are all reasons why
online college programs have become so popular. Some choose to study online in
order to have a flexible schedule and to keep costs down. Online degrees are
generally much cheaper. I think online degrees are a terrific option for some.
For me personally, I’m thankful I had the opportunity to study on a college campus
as a full-time student. College campuses are a place for personal growth and the
many extracurricular activities can create a rich undergraduate experience.
My college experience continues to some extent because now I’m part of the
alumnae association. An alum or alumna is someone who went to a particular school.
A good college gives you a network, a community to belong to. That’s partly
what you’re paying for. I should mention that alumni make donations, which help
pay scholarship money. However, some argue that U.S. colleges
today offer too many luxuries, that some college campuses look more like resorts
and less like educational institutions. How nice does a gym have to be? Do
college students need steam showers and saunas, recreational activities, and fine
dining? If such amenities were taken away, how much would tuition come down? Is this something we should consider? Something to remember is that nothing is
really free. Everything has a cost. Free health care, for example, is paid for by
the government, which means it’s paid for with tax dollars. Who’s paying and how
much? Should everyone be paying into the system? We need to remember that if
tuition is going to be free, colleges still need to get enough money to
operate: to maintain the buildings, to hire workers, to pay the teachers. Some
propose that the extra tax money should come from big corporations and the
richest people in our country. What do you think? What’s fair? What’s wise? We’ll
end here. I welcome your comments. Please be respectful of all views. If you’d like
to discuss this topic or any other current issue with me, book a private
lesson through my website. I’ll put the link in the video description. If you’re
looking for a very affordable way to study with me, download my app with
short audio lessons to boost your skills in vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and
conversation. Check out the English with Jennifer
Alarm Clock & Reminder App. It’s an easy way to fit English studies into
your daily routine. As always, thanks for watching and happy studies! Thank you to
all the members of my channel. And you Super and Truly Marvelous Members, I’ll
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About Nicklaus Predovic

25 thoughts on “Advanced Conversation with Jennifer on College Tuition in the U.S.🎓

  1. Hi every body
    Oh my God , my teacher have graduated from univerity recently , but you look younger than I am.
    I gongratulate you on getting your diploma.
    By the way ,what is called the black hat that you are putting on in English.
    You know that you are always pollyanna , I really appreciate you because you are rememering me with English teacher of secondry school .she also speak English fluently
    God bless you.
    Happy studies.
    Best wishes 🍀

  2. Why become a 🌟member🌟 of my YouTube channel?
    All members just received a related vocabulary quiz today. Become a member now and take the quiz yourself! ✍️Get ready for the premiere today.

  3. FRESHMAN What is the funniest thing here you found in college life?
    OLD the most interesting thing in college life is that
    Teachers make you sleep during day and friends don't let you to sleep at night

  4. Hi teacher Jennifer. Great job. I love to watch more videos with the content like this. One thing I hope you consider, could you speak faster like in a real talk with a native? I think it could help listener practice listening comprehension skill. Greeting from Vietnam.

  5. Dear Teacher, I have been watching your video clip since 2018.And I really like the way you teach English and I think it's one of the most effective way to improve English.

  6. According to some in the Democratic Party, the cost of free tuition is going to met by a modest tax on Wall Street speculation. Prestigious private colleges and universities, like Harvard, won't be free. it's only public colleges and universities that fall under the 'free' banner. However, what is free anyway? The answer to that is: Nothing is free. 'Free' really means paying for something in a different manner. Someone has to pick up the tab. The Democrats also suggest cancelling all existing student debt, but I don't think Wall Street financiers are covering that one. It sounds a bit ambitious and smacks of the old adage that the road to hell is paved with good intentions.
    In the UK, student loans get repaid when the student becomes a wage earner. Student loans are generally considered as the most flexible of loans, but there is no such thing as a 'nice loan.' They are still a burden to bear and a burden that makes many decline the opportunity of further education.

  7. Hi Jennifer as always your videos are fantastic thanks a lot for your support and have a great weekend you and your family,😉🇧🇷

  8. Hello Jennifer! Thank you so much for the great explanation and classification of that theme! Your questions are difficult for me because our educational systems were and are different. For example, tuition was free in my country of born (USSR) when I was a student. Nevertheless, I got a high-quality education in my specialization. It was the time… And so far tuition keeps free for most of the universities.

  9. How expensive college education! I think it should be much cheaper so that everyone can continue their higher education

  10. Free education should be given to students those having excellent academic background, irrespective to their family income.

  11. I am so sorry ma'am
    Actually, in the question i asked u
    "when somebody comes late , we say
    I have been waiting for u for the last one hour.
    ma'am, actually i forgot to mention can we use this sentence at the moment when the waiting is just over (when the person comes)
    pls answer

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